An alternative perspective on the quality of education – with a lens on inequality – is to instead consider the portion of a country’s universities that are globally ranked. This gives a sense of what share of a nation’s population has access to high-quality tertiary education. In fact, the difference between a country’s performance in absolute number of competitive institutions versus share of schools in that country that are internationally ranked is one measure of the scope of inequality in education.
Educational inequality – especially pertaining to the lack of access by the deserving (but underprivileged) to elite schooling – is driving a wedge in society. Elites are cloistered at prestigious universities, while the masses are left to attend less-competitive schools. Not only do elite schools offer better environments for human capital accumulation, but they also act as a place to foster social networks and develop social capital – all the while excluding the less advantaged – that are paramount for life success.
Author: Arsames Qajar
Which countries provide their citizens with the best higher education?